9 American Medications and Their French Equivalents


If you’ve spent some time wandering the isles of a pharmacie in France, as you searched endlessly for a bottle of Advil, this article is for you. It’s sometimes complicated to recreate a basic drug collection in a foreign country without knowing the French medicine brands or the general name given by the International Nonproprietary Names (INN).

To help you navigate a French pharmacy, here is a list of common American OTC drugs and what you can buy instead when in France.

1. Tylenol

In America we refer to this drug as acetaminophen; however, in France, the technical term is similar to the British, paracétamol. This drug is found under the brand names Doliprane, Dafalgan, and Efferalgan.

2. Aspirin

Acetylsalicylic acid, or aspirin, is usually found in tablet form in America and taken to reduce headaches, pain, fever, or inflammation. In France, l’aspirine is more often found in effevervescent form (to dissolve in water).

3. Advil or Motrin

These two drugs, which are commonly called ibuprofen, are found in France under several brands, including Advil,  Nurofen, Spedifen.

4. Gas-X

Used to regulate the level of intestinal gas production, this drug contains smethicone. In France, equivalents are Rennie Déflatine, Imonogas, Elugan, Imogas and many others.

5. Imodium

This drug can be found over the counter in France. It’s a powerful anti-diarrheal medicine but must always be combined with an intestinal antibiotic in case of infection.

6. Delsym

Often sold in conjunction with other drugs, dextromethorphan (or dextrométhorphane in French) is a morphine derivative cough suppressant . It doesn’t have a true equivalent in France; however, the closest sister drug is  an antihistamine cough suppressant called Toplexil.

7. Mucinex

This expectorant providing mucus relief, is also known by its INN name: guafenesin (guaïfénésine in French). There are many Mucinex equivalents in France, including Mucomyst and Rhinathiol. It’s useful in the case of a wet cough.

8. Sudafed

A similar formulation of drugs as those found in DayQuil, NyQuil, and Alka Seltzer, this antihistamine is known as Humex in France. Humex is both an antihistamine and a vasoconstrictor, meant to help the common cold. It is always preferable to use drugs with fewer ingredients and simple formulas to avoid overdose, especially of paracetamol (acetaminophen), which has potentially serious consequences.

9. Arnica gel

Though the U.S. doesn’t have a wide supply of homeopathic products available on American pharmacy shelves, one can find Arnica gel, which helps relieve muscle pain, stiffness, and swelling. In France, the French pharmaceutical company Boiron, which specializes in homeopathic products and is also well-established in the U.S., has products in every French pharmacy.

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